HTML5

HTML5 by Sarah Earnest.

What is HTML?

HTML

  • HTML stands for hypertext markup language.
  • Basically it is the building blocks of a webpage; all websites are made up of HTML elements.
  • A web browser will read the HTML markup of the particular website that the user is trying to view, then it will translate and interpret the markup into visible and audible page content.
  • Each time there is a new revision of HTML new features are added and others are taken away
  • W3C is the group that regularly works on updating and revising HTML
  • Since HTML is an evolving markup system, it does not stay the same for long.

The different versions of HTML are:

  • HTML 1.0- the first website display
  • HTML 2.0
  • HTML 3.0
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 4.01
  • XHTML 1.0
  • HTML5

HTML5

  • Is the next major revision of HTML
  • The people behind HTML were trying to create something different from HTML 4.01 and XHTML 1.0 and began working on the proposed XHTML 2
  • Programmers and developers realized that HTML was still the best option for the web.
  • They got rid of XHTML 2 and created HTML5 for everyone to start working on.
  • It’s expected that HTML5 will be used for at least the next decade, so the development process is slow
  • It will threaten plug-ins such as Java, Apple QuickTime, and Adobe Flash.
  • HTML only allows for static images and text.
  • As of now, a webpage requires Flash to display audio, video and graphics.

New Features and Functions of HTML5

1. Canvas Element- in order to view video and audio content there will be no need for other plug-ins. The code for audio, video and canvas elements will already be written into the HTML5 markup.
2. Video Element- to embed videos or play interactive games, there will be no need for plug-ins. It will be the new way to show videos online.
3. Geolocation- Most websites can locate a user by their IP address. However, location detection by IP address is not always reliable. This new feature will allow more accurate location information to come your network adapters MAC address
4. Display- webpages will have a bigger variety of font, colors and other display techniques
5. 3-D- the new WebGL technology will allow for 3-D effects
4. Offline Web Applications- will allow users to continue using web applications even when the network connection is unavailable. Users would still have access to their email without having to connect to the internet.

How Will This Affect You?

  • All of your daily activities on the Internet will become different
    • It uses one universal platform so there is no need for the extra plug-ins to watch a video
    • Currently Adobe is used by over 99% of Internet users

When Will HTML5 Be Ready?

  • HTML5 is in use already
    • By the end of September 2011, 34% of the 100 most popular websites used HTML5
    • YouTube offers a opt-in trial of HTML5 video. If your browser supports HTML5, then you an chose the HTML5 player instead of flash.
    • Most of the internet browser software in mobile phones support HTML5 requirements but not all software support every HTML5 function.
    • Amazon.com’s Kindle Fire allows e-book to access HTML5
    • Pandora Media, Inc now uses HTML5 to revamp its internet radio.
  • Each internet browser (Internet Explorer, Firefox, Google Chrome, Safari, etc.) currently supports more or less HTML5 features than others.
  • Each internet browser has different rules, which means each browser will adopt HTML5 at its own pace.

Sources

Wikipedia
The History of HTML
What is HTML5?
HTML5: A Look Behind the Technology Changing the Web

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License